Jujutsu | Fighting Styles


Jujutsu literally means “science of softness” and refers to a Japanese martial art that consists mainly of grappling tactics. Jujutsu evolved from feudal Japan’s legendary Samurai from 2500 years ago as a method to dispatch armored and armed opponents within situations where using weapons proved to be completely forbidden or simply impractical. Because of the difficulties associated with dispatching armored opponents with striking tactics, the more efficient methods of neutralizing enemies came in the form of throws, pins, and joint locks. Such tactics were then developed around principles that made use of attackers’ energies against themselves instead of opposing them directly. That’s how jujutsu was born.

Jujutsu’s roots can be traced back to early unarmed fighting styles that are each incorporated into it. Earlier martial arts were oftentimes narrowly categorized: kenjutsu was sword-fencing and naginata-jutsu was the glaive, while jujitsu was the unarmed. A lot of jujitsu styles existed with various areas of emphasis like completely empty-hand fighting with an unarmed methods system of dealing with armed enemies. A lot like kung fu and karate, jujitsu is a general term, which isn’t only limited to a fixed set of tactics.

Nowadays, jujutsu still remains to be practiced exactly as it was a century ago; however, it has been modified to suit sports more. The martial art and Olympic sport of judo came about from various original jujutsu styles by 19th century’s Kano Jigoro. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu came about after Mitsuyo Maeda’s judo teachings in Brazil; however, back then, it was still called “jujutsu”.

Throughout the years, a lot of various martial arts stemmed from Ju-Jitsu, such asj udo with its groundwork and throws, and aikido with its force redirection and joint locks. There are a lot of variations to this art that leads to diverse approaches. Schools of jujutsu might make use of every form of grappling tactics out there to a certain degree, such as trapping, throwing, joint locking, gouging, striking, kicking, and biting. Additionally, a lot of schools teach this with weapons. In 1904, a book called Jiu-Jitsu Combact Tricks was also written by H. Irving Hancock to introduce various ideas and tactics to the West that was never seen outside Japan before.

Systems of Japanese jujutsu usually focus more on throwing, pinning and immobilizing, as well as strangling and joint-locking tactics. Striking tactics known as atemi-waza are less important in the majority of older systems, though because the body armor of Samurai protected them from a lot of striking tactics.

Japanese systems of shubaku, hakuda, and kenpos show some kind of degree in Chinese as they focus on atemi-waza. Systems that stem more from Japanese sources portray less preference for these tactics. However, several schools of jujutsu are likely to have several Chinese influences during their overall development. Schools of jujutsu differ widely when it comes to their tactics, and a lot of them include huge amounts of striking tactics to set up their grappling tactics.

Practitioners of jujutsu use a lot of moves in training that could possibly be fatal. But since students usually train in environments that are non-competitive, the risk is reduced. Students learn about break-fall skills instead to let them practice throws that would otherwise be dangerous.

Contemporary judo would be a classic example of sports derived from jujitsu that had become distinct. With this layer removed, several popular arts received instructors that studied such jujutsu derivatives, later making their personal derivatives succeed within competitions. This produced a collective extension of sports and martial arts that can somehow be traced to a lineage of jujutsu. Brazilian Jiu Jitsu ended up dominating the initial mixed competitions of martial arts, causing emerging fields to adopt a lot of its practices.

How opponents are dealt with might also rely on the philosophies on teachers regarding combat. This would translate into various jujutsu schools or styles. Since every possible tactic of jujutsu, including hair pulling, biting, and eye gouging is allowed, practitioners have endless choices when it comes to tactics.

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