Tai chi chuan | Fighting Styles

Tai chi chuan

Tai chi chuan refers to an internal martial art of China, which is oftentimes put to practice with the goal of longevity and health promotion. The training forms of tai chi chuan are famous for their slow routines, which groups of people do together each morning in the park worldwide, mostly in China. Several medical studies fully support its overall effectiveness as alternative exercises and forms of therapy in martial arts.

Considered as a soft style of martial art, tai chi chuan comes in a lot o various styles. However, the majority of contemporary schools trace its overall development to systems that were initially taught by the Chens to the Yangs in the year 1820.

Five primary styles exist of tai chi chuan, each of which was named after its origins of Chinese families: the Chen style, the Yang style the Wu style of Wu Yuxiang, the Wu style of Wu Quanyuo and Qu Jianquan and the Sun style. Although these styles share a lot in their overall theories, they vary when it comes to their training approaches. Now, there are dozens of brand new styles, offshoots of primary styles and hybrid; however, these five schools are the only recognized groups within the whole international community, though Zhaobao Tai Chi has recently been recognize by practitioners in the West as one distinct style.

Several people think that the development of tai chi comes from Taoist priests of China’s temples in the Wu Dong Mountains, where a white crane was once seen preying on snakes, mimicking their overall movements to produce the one-of-a-kind martial art style of tai chi. At first, tai chi was seen as a form of fighting that focused on balance, strength, speed, and flexibility. As time went by, however, it evolved into a gentle, soft, and slow exercise form that people of any age can practice.
Tai chi chuan’s physical tactics are known as tai chi classics and refer to sets of writings by classic masters. It is characterized through the use of overall leverage throughout the joints and is based on coordinated relaxation instead of muscular tension to either initiate or neutralize attacks. The repetitive and slow work that is involved within this learning process of how this leverage can be generated steadily yet surely increases to open up one’s internal circulation.

Training of tai chi firstly involves learning solo routines called forms or taolu. While popular cultures sees tai chi chuan as one that is very slow in movement, a lot of styles of tai chi have faster secondary forms.

The tai chi chuan studies mainly involve three particular subjects, which classic schools cover along with aspects of practice. A lot of contemporary schools tend to concentrate on single aspects instead, depending on what their goals are for practicing this particular art. The subjects are as follows:


Unhealthy people might have difficulties meditating to a calm state or using tai chi as a martial art. Because of this, the health training of tai chi focuses on relieving physical stress effects on the mind and body. For people who want to concentrate on the martial application of tai chi, great physical fitness would be an essential step to highly effective self-defense.

Martial art:

Being able to put tai chi to use as a self-defense form when in combat happens to be highly effective evidence of students’ understanding of the good principles of tai chi. Tai chi chuan studies refers to studying appropriate changes in response to outer forces, as well as studying the combination and bled of outer forces instead of trying to meet them with opposing forces.


The calmness and concentration cultivated by tai chi’s meditative aspects are necessary in keeping optimum health.

Ever since the beginning of tai chi’s widespread promotion of health benefits in the early 20th century, a global followed has been developed among people for overall health maintenance. Several people call it a kind of moving meditation since the mind solely concentrates on the form’s movements and allegedly aids in bringing about states of clarity and mental calm. Aside from its general benefits for stress management and health, aspects of classic Chinese medicine are learned by advanced students of tai chi within several traditional schools. Several martial arts, most of all in Japan, make students wear uniforms during practice. Schools of tai chi chuan, in general, do not need uniforms, but both classic and contemporary teachers oftentimes advocate comfortable and loose clothing along with flat-soled shoes.

Hundreds of various famous styles of martial arts are being put into practice in China today. Two systems of Chinese martial arts exist: external and internal systems. Internal systems include tai chi, pa-qua and sheng-i styles, which focus on stability and come with limited kicks and jumps. External systems include long fist, shao lin, and southern fist, which focus on breathing and sound, linear movements, speed, hard impact contact, strength, kicks, and jumps.

Before tai chi was introduced to the West, its health benefits were greatly explained through classic Chinese medicine that is based on healing mechanisms and bodily views that aren’t always supported or studied by science today. Nowadays, several prominent teachers of tai chi advocate subjecting tai chi over to more rigorous scientific studies in order to get accepted into the West.

Long-term practice of tai chi reveals several insignificant yet favorable effects in promoting flexibility, cardiovascular fitness and balance control along with reduced all risks in older patients. Studies have also shown reduced anxiety, pain and stress within healthy subjects. Various studies have also indicated better respiratory and cardiovascular functions within healthy subjects and subjects that have gone through heart surgery. Patients who suffer from high blood pressure, heart failure, arthritis, heart attacks, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s might find tai chi beneficial, as well. With yoga, tai chi has lower LDL levels when practiced for more than twelve weeks.

Thorough reviews of the majority of such studies, though, have shown biases or restrictions, which make it hard to draw real conclusions on tai chi benefits. Indications also show that tai chi may effect cortisol and noradrenaline production while affecting the heart rate and mood. Still, as with a lot of such studies, these effects might not be any different compared to the ones taken from other kinds of physical exercise.

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